Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose - Biography, Death & Early Life

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was born on 23 January 1897 in Orissa to a thriving Bengali family in Cuttack. Bose's father's name was 'Jankinath Bose' and mother's name was 'Prabhavati'. Jankinath Bose was a popular advocate of Cuttack. Prabhavati and Jankinath Bose had 14 children in total, with 6 daughters and 8 sons. Subhash Chandra was their ninth child and fifth son. Of all his brothers, Subhash was most fond of Sharad Chandra.

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Early Life

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose did his early education at Ravenshaw Collegiate School in Cuttack. He was then educated at the Presidency College and Scottish Church College in Calcutta, and later his parents sent Bose to Cambridge University in England to prepare for the Indian Administrative Service (Indian Civil Service). During the British rule, it was very difficult for Indians to enter the civil service but they got fourth place in the civil service examination.

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After completing primary education from Protestant European School in Cuttack, in 1909, he joined Revensha Collegiate School. The college's principal Benimadhav Das had a good influence on Subhash's mind. At the age of just fifteen, Subhash had done a full study of Vivekananda literature. In 1915, he passed the Intermediate examination in second class despite being ill. In 1916, when he was a BA student in Philosophy (Hons), there was a fight between the teachers and the students of the Presidency College over something. Subhash took the leadership of the students due to which he was removed from the Presidency College for one year and on taking the exam Banned as well. He took the exam for recruitment in the 49th Bengal Regiment but due to poor eyes, he was disqualified for the army. Somehow he took admission in the Scottish Church College, but the mind was asking to join the army. In order to use the free time, he took the Territorial Army examination and entered the Fort William Army as a rookie. Then it was thought that somewhere like BA Intermediate, Subhash studied very diligently and passed the BA (Hons) examination in the first class in 1919. He was ranked second in the University of Calcutta. The father wished that Subhash should become ICS, but given his age, he had to pass this exam only once. He asked the father for twenty-four hours to think so that he could take a final decision on whether to give the exam or not. He kept awake all night wondering what to do. He finally decided to take the exam and went to England on 15 September 1919. Unable to get admission in any London school for exam preparation, Subhash somehow got admission for studying Tripas (Hons) examination in mental and moral sciences at Kits William Hall. This solved their problem of living and eating. Recently, taking the admission was an excuse, the real purpose was to appear in ICS. So he passed in 1920, securing the fourth position in the preference list.

Establishment of Azad Hind Fauj

During the Second World War, on September 1939, Subhash Chandra Bose decided that he would start a mass movement. He started encouraging people for this movement all over India and also started connecting people. As soon as the movement started, the British government could not bear it and they put Subhash Chandra Bose in jail. He did not even eat food for 2 weeks in jail. When his health deteriorated due to not eating food, he was kept under house arrest for fear of commotion.
In 1941, during his house-arrest, Subhash made a plan to escape from jail. He first went to Gomoh, Bihar and from there he went straight to Peshawar (which is now part of Pakistan). He then moved to Germany and met Hitler there. Subhash Chandra Bose lived in Berlin with his wife Emily Shankel Emilie Schenkl. In 1943, Bose prepared his army in South-East Asia, which he named Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauj) Indian National Army. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was the all-time leader, which was needed yesterday, is today and will also be in the coming tomorrow. He was such a brave soldier, whose history will continue to sing. By adopting their thoughts, deeds, and ideals, the nation can achieve all that it deserves. Subhash Chandra Bose was the true son of Mahar Bharti, the immortal fighter of Independence Summer. Netaji was one of the warriors of the Indian freedom struggle, whose name and life still inspires millions of countrymen to work devotedly to motherhood. He possessed miraculous qualities of leadership, on whose strength he succeeded in building a strong-armed resistance to take out the British from India by commanding the Azad Hind Fauj. It is also learned from Netaji's life that we can repay the debt of birthright from our country service.
He did not think of his family and thought of the whole country. Many other aspects of Netaji's life give us new energy. He was a successful organizer. There was magic in his style of speaking and he stayed out of the country and started the 'freedom movement'. Netaji also respected his fellow men despite differences. His broad thinking is also a matter of concern for today's politics.

You give me blood I will give you freedom

Friends! Twelve months ago, a new program of "total mobilization" or "maximum sacrifice" was placed before the Indians present in East Asia. Today I will give you an account of the achievements of the previous year and will put before you our demands for the year ahead. But before I say this, I want you to understand that once again we have a golden opportunity to achieve freedom. Entrez is engaged in a worldwide struggle and during this struggle, he has been defeated again and again on many fronts. has suffered. In this way, the enemy has become very weak, our fight for freedom has become much easier than it was five years ago. Such a rare opportunity given by God comes once in a century. That is why we have pledged that we will make full use of this opportunity to free our land from English slavery. I am absolutely hopeful about the outcome of our struggle because I am not dependent only on the efforts of 3 million Indians in East Asia. A huge movement is going on inside India too and our crores of countrymen are ready to suffer and sacrifice to get freedom. I am absolutely hopeful about the outcome of our struggle because I am not dependent only on the efforts of 3 million Indians in East Asia. A huge movement is going on inside India too and our crores of countrymen are ready to suffer and sacrifice to get freedom. Anuj Dhar of Mission Netaji, who has written a book on the mystery of Subhash Chandra Bose, says that the Indian government knows everything, but it does not want to deliberately hide the mystery. He said that is why the government refused to provide information related to Netaji on his application filed under the Right to Information. Whatever inquiries were made to know about Netaji, something came in all of them, due to which the story got further complicated.

Bose was a car lover; his favorite car still exists today which saved his life on many occasions

Netaji's first love was India's independence, but very few people know that his second love was cars. One of his favorite cars is preserved as a heritage of the country today. This car greatly supported Netaji in the journey of independence and saved his life many times.

When Netaji met Mahatma Gandhi

Subhash Chandra Bose met Mahatma Gandhi on 20 July 1921. On the advice of Gandhiji, he started working for the Indian freedom struggle. Along with India's independence, their involvement in social work also remained. He had done the courageous task of transporting people surrounded by the fierce floods of Bengal to food, clothing and safe places. To keep the work of social service going on regularly, he established a 'Yuva Dal'.

Stay in Europe

Subhash lived in Europe from 1933 to 1936. Subhash continued his work in Europe, taking care of his health. There he met Mussolini, the leader of Italy, who pledged to assist him in India's freedom struggle. De Valera, the leader of Ireland, became a good friend of Subhash. The days when Subhash was in Europe, Kamala Nehru, wife of Jawaharlal Nehru died in Austria. Subhash went there and consoled Jawaharlal Nehru. Subhash later met Vitthal Bhai Patel in Europe. Subhash along with Vitthalbhai Patel held the mantra which came to be known as Patel-Bose analysis. In this analysis, both of them strongly condemned Gandhi's leadership. Subsequently, when Vitthal Bhai Patel became ill, Subhash served him a lot. But Vitthal Bhai Patel did not survive, he died.

Had a love marriage in Austria

In 1934, when Subhash was staying in Austria, he needed an English-knowing typist to write his book. A friend of hers met an Austrian woman named Emily Shankel. Emily's father was a famous vet. Emily worked as Subhash's typist. Meanwhile, Subhash gave heart to Emily. Emily also liked him very much. In view of the strict laws of Nazi Germany, the two married Hindu customs in 1942 at a place called Bad Gastein. After this, Emily gave birth to a daughter in Vienna. Subhash first saw her when she was barely four weeks old. They named her Anita Bose. Anita Paune was three years old when Subhash died in a so-called plane crash in Taiwan on August 1945. Her full name is Anita Bose Faf. Anita Faf sometimes comes to India to meet her father's family.

Netaji was imprisoned 11 times

Netaji was sentenced to a total of 11 times in public life. He was first imprisoned for six months on 16 July 1921. In 1941, he was to appear in a Kolkata (Calcutta) court in connection with a case when he left his home and reached Germany. In Germany, he met Hitler. He formed the Azad Hind Fauj to wage war against the British and also gave the slogan of 'You give me blood, I will give you freedom'.

Netaji was fond of cars

Those who have done research on Netaji say that while there were many cars kept in Netaji Bhavan, the Wanderer car was small and inexpensive and this car was usually used only by middle-income people in rural areas. Wanderer cars kept in Netaji Bhavan were not used much, so quickly no one noticed it. Netaji, the master of remarkable intellect, knew very well that he could easily come into the eyes of the British police if he used another car. He chose this car to throw dust in the eyes of the British. On 18 January 1941, Netaji with this car reached Gomo railway station (then in Bihar, now in Jharkhand) with Shishir and from there, he took the Kalka Mail to Delhi.

Why Subhash Chandra Bose's death claim is one of the biggest mysteries of modern India

It is said that Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose died in a plane crash in Taiwan in 1945. But there are reasons to doubt
Before 16 September 1985, only a few people knew about 'Ram Bhavan' located in the Civil Lines area of Faizabad city. There used to be an elderly person who looked like a monk for a long time in that house, about which the local residents did not know anything special. The day he died and his room was reconstructed after the last rites, many people were left open. People found many such things from his room, which were directly related to Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. These included everything from family photographs of Netaji to the uniforms of the Azad Hind Fauj, several books in German, Japanese and English literature, and newspaper clippings related to Netaji's death. Apart from this, many more documents were recovered from there, on the basis of which a large section claimed that he was not an ordinary elder but was Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose himself.
This claim could not be vindicated, rather it once again confounded Netaji's anonymity. Earlier, many people believed that a plane crash was the reason for their death, and many felt that they had been the victim of some big political conspiracy. Overall, so many different things have been revealed about Netaji so far, but the mystery of his disappearance remains the same even today.

Death in an air crash

This is considered to be the strongest argument ever in the case of the disappearance of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. According to this, Netaji died in an air accident near Taiwan on August 18, 1945, 70 years ago. The Government of India and some history books also attribute this air crash to the death of Netaji. It is said that Netaji was last seen at Tokyo Airport and he was sitting in that plane from there.
In connection with this incident, two different such things also emerged, due to which doubts were raised on its veracity. The first of these was that Netaji's body could not be recovered from anywhere and secondly that according to many people there was no air crash that happened around Taiwan that day. The documents of the Taiwan government itself do not mention any air crash that day. In such a situation, many people still believe the cause of his death as something else. Anuj Dhar, who wrote a book titled 'Return from Death, Secret of Netaji' on Netaji's life, also believes that he did not die on 18 August 1945.
However, Netaji's daughter Anita Bose Faf, while agreeing with the plane crash, explains it as the reason for her death. 74-year-old Anita, who lives in Germany, is his only child with Netaji's Austrian wife Emily Schenkel.

But even after Anita believes this, there are many reasons to doubt it. According to a news, Colonel Habibur Rahman, who was present with Netaji at the time of the alleged plane crash, gave different statements about this to the Information Minister of Azad Hind government, SA Nayyar, Russian and American spies and Shahnawaz Committee, due to which he also Questions arise on the veracity of the accident.

Political conspiracy victims

Many people also believe that Netaji was killed under a big political conspiracy. People who say political conspiracy as the reason for the death of Netaji, point to two different possibilities. According to the first possibility, some people believe that he was killed by the British government with the help of his secret agents, while the second possibility is that some people see Russia's hand in the death of Netaji.

Story of Gumnami Baba (God)

At the beginning of this report, the elderly person living in 'Ram Bhavan' of Faizabad is mentioned, they are known as Gumnami Baba and Bhagwan Ji. On the basis of the documents related to Netaji received from him, many people still believe that he was the leader and after the independence of India, he was deliberately changing into disguise. It is said that he came to Faizabad in the early seventies. Many soldiers and officers who have been involved in the Azad Hind Army have also claimed on several occasions that Netaji was alive even after independence. These soldiers have also claimed secret meetings with Netaji.
But then the question arises, why did they never come forward? Some people make a strange argument about this. According to this argument, there may have been a secret agreement between the British and the Government of India at the time of independence, stipulating that they would be handed over to the British in case Netaji returned. In such a situation, it is possible that they would not have come before the world. However, no evidence of this agreement has been revealed so far. Therefore, this argument has not been able to move beyond the category of mystery.

Investigation Committees and Reports

The Government of India has so far constituted three commissions to solve the mystery of the disappearance of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. Even after the report of these three commissions came out, nothing like the final conclusion regarding the death of Netaji has been achieved. The first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru constituted an inquiry committee under the leadership of Shahnawaz Khan in 1956 to trace the death of Netaji. This committee, in its report, told the truth of the plane crash and said that Netaji died on 18 August 1945. But Netaji's brother Suresh Chandra Bose, who was included as a member in this committee, denied the report and then alleged that the government deliberately wants to tell the truth about the alleged plane crash.
After this, the government set up another commission in 1970 under the chairmanship of Justice GD Khosla. This commission, while following the path of its predecessor commission, stamped itself on the matter of the plane crash. But after this, in 1999, a one-member commission headed by retired Supreme Court judge Manoj Mukherjee rejected the logic of the plane crash, giving a contrary report to both these committees. Netaji's death was confirmed in the Mukherjee Commission report which came out in 2006, but according to the Commission, the reason for this was something else that needs to be investigated separately. This report of the Mukherjee Commission was rejected by the then Central Government.
File Leaks and Disputes

In April 2015, the controversy arose after two IB files became public on the issue. According to these files, IB had spied Netaji's family in independent India for nearly two decades. Nobody knows the real purpose of this espionage. But speculation and accusations were being made that this was done at the behest of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru because he feared that Netaji would not be alive and would suddenly become a challenge for him. Earlier in the same year, Netaji's family members, who were surprised after finding out about their spying, had demanded the Central Government investigate the entire matter.

In February the same year, RTI activist Subhash Aggarwal had demanded the Central Government to make public the confidential files related to the death of Subhash Chandra Bose under the Right to Information Act. On this, the government's reply came that with these files going public, India's friendly relations with some countries may deteriorate. This answer raised new questions about the death of Netaji. For example, was there any country behind Netaji's death that has friendly relations with India? Many people like Bharatiya Janata Party leader Subramanian Swamy claimed that this country is Russia. Swamy said that when Netaji reached Russia after the defeat of the Azad Hind Fauj in World War II, Stalin had taken him captive at the behest of Nehru, after which he was hanged in Siberia. During this, Netaji's great-granddaughter Rajyashree Chaudhary also said the same. Subramanian Swamy also said that Nehru was behind the spying of Netaji's family. According to him, Nehru did not believe in Stalin and that is why he continued to spy on his family even after receiving information about Netaji's death.

Secret remains intact even after confidential files are public

After this, in 2015, the first West Bengal government made confidential files related to Netaji's death and in 2016 the central government. But even this did not solve the mystery of Netaji's death. According to one of the 64 files made by the West Bengal government, Indian intelligence agencies suspected Bose to be alive and in Russia. After this, in one of the files that the central government made public in 2016, it was said that no information is available about Subhash Chandra Bose's stay in 1945 and thereafter in the Soviet Union. This was stated by a letter written by the Russian Federation's Foreign Ministry to the Indian Embassy in Moscow on 8 January 1992.
After this, in May 2017, the Central Government while answering a question asked under the Right to Information (RTI) said that Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose died in that plane accident in 1945 in Taiwan. The Union Home Ministry had stated, "After the reports of Shahnawaz Committee, Justice Khosla Commission and Justice Mukherjee Commission, the administration has arrived at the resolution that Netaji was in Home Ministry had said, "After the reports of Shahin Home Ministry had stated, "After the reports of Shahnawaz Committee, Justice Khosla Commission and Justice Mukherjee Commission, the administration has reached the resolution that Netaji was slaughtered innawaz Committee, Justice Khosla Commission and Justice Mukherjee Commission, the government has come to the conclusion that Netaji was killed in slaughtered in the plane mishap in 1945." Netaji's family loathed the organization's response Was conveyed Chandra Bose, the inconceivable grandson of Subhash Chandra Bose said that in what limit can the organization plane accident in 1945." Netaji's family despisplane mishap in 1945." Netaji's family disdained the organization's response Was imparted Chandra Bose, the unbelievable grandson of Subhash Chandra Bose said that in what limit can the organization ensured the administration's reaction Was communicated Chandra Bose, the incredible grandson of Subhash Chandra Bose said that in what capacity can the administration guarantee the plane crash in 1945." Netaji's family resented the government's rest he plane accident in 1945." Netaji's family loathed the administration's reaction Was communicated Chandra Bose, the incredible grandson of Subhash Chandra Bose said that by what method can the administration guarantee Netaji's passingponse Was expressed Chandra Bose, the great-grandson of Subhash Chandra Bose said that how can the government claim Netaji's death without any concrete evidence.

Also, Read: Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Biography Wikipedia 
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